Ch 1 History Class 9 The French Revolution Social Science Questions and Answers
Q1). Describe the circumstances leading to the outbreak of revolutionary protest.
Ans- The circumstances leading to the outbreak of revolutionary protest in France work are -:
(i). The new king found an empty treasury.
(ii). Long years of war had drained the financial resources of France.
(iii). Lenders began to charge 10 % interest on loans.
(iv). the cost of maintaining an army the state was forced to increase taxes.
(v). the French society was divided into three estates.
(vi). Only the members of the third estate paid taxes.
(vii). The members of the first two were exempt from paying taxes to the estate.
(ix). The church too extracted its share of taxes.
(x). A number of indirect taxes were lived on articles of consumption like salt or tobacco.
(xi). Taxes was by the third estate alone.
Q2). Which groups of French society benefited from the revolution? Which groups were forced to relinquish power? which sections of society would have been disappointed with the outcome of the revolution?
Ans- (i). Groups Beneficial for revolution work are peasants, partitions, small peasants, landless labour, servants, slaves, lawyers, doctors and workers.
(ii). Groups which were forced to relinquish power are people of the first estates (novel) and people of the second estate (clergy).
Q3). Describe the legacy of the French Revolution for the people of the world during the nineteenth and twentieth century?
Ans- (i). The ideas of liberty and democratic rights were the most important Legacy of the French Revolution.
(ii). This friend from France to the rest of Europe during the 19th century feudal systems were abolished.
(iii). Colonised people reworked the idea of freedom from bandages into their movements.
(iv). Tipu Sultan and Ram Mohan Roy to the ideas conveyed from Revolutionary France.
Q4). Draw up a list of Democratic rights we enjoy today whose origins could be traced to the French Revolution?
Ans- The rights which we enjoyed today are –
(i). Right to freedom of speech ( Express expression in assembly to form movement.
(ii). Right to Equality – (gender, caste and religion).
(iii). Right to Vote – (Universal adult franchise).
(iv). Right to life.
(v). Rule of law.
(vi). Right to property etc.
Q5). Would you agree with the view that the message of universal rights was beset with contradictions? Explain.
Ans: Yes, the message of universal rights was definitely beset with contradictions because the rights were given only to the males in the society. In fact, initially, the women were ignored completely and regarded as passive citizens.
Also, not every citizen has the right to vote (eg. women). Slavery existed in the France until the 19th century.
Although a lot was done, but a lot of improvement was left. due to which the French Constitution has been changed multiple times since the Revolution.
Q6). How would you explain the rise of Napoleon?
Ans- (i). After the fall of the Jacobin government allowed the weather is middle classes to seize power.
(ii). A new constitution was introduced.
(iii). Ended the vote for a non-properties section of society.
(iv). It provided for two elected and legislative councils.
(v). This then appointed a directory executive made up of five members.
(vi). This was meant as a safeguard against the concentration of power.
(vii). The political instability of the directory proved the way for rising military director Napoleon Bonaparte.
History Chapter 1 – Class 9 Extra questions
Q1). How was the system of estates in French society organised?
Ans- First and second estates-:
- They were clergy Noble people.
- 60% of the land was owned by novels Church and rich people.
- They enjoyed privileges by birth.
- They were excited about paying taxes.
- Peasants had to render tear services.
- There were three categories big businessmen emergent lawyers etc.
- Peasant and artisans.
- Small peasant landless labour and servant etc.
- Peasants were 90% of the population.
- Taxes were paid by third estates only.
- They had to pay direct and indirect taxes on partitions of everyday use.
Q2). Do stance species excuses in France during old required?
Ans- (i). The population of France rows from 23 million to 28 billion.
(ii). This led to a rapid increase in the demand for food grains.
(iii). Production of grain could not keep pace with the demand.
(iv). So the price of bread which was the staple diet of the majority Rose rapidly.
(v). Wedges did not keep pace with the price rise.
(vi). so the gap between the poor and the rich widened.
(vii). Whenever drought or hail reduces the harvest this lead to a substance crisis.
Q3). What lived the emergence of the middle class of the 18th century?
Ans- (i). Peasants and workers had participated in the Revolt against increasing pay and food security.
(ii). They lacked the mean and programs.
(iii). The 18th century witnessed the emergency of a social group, termed the middle class.
(iv). They earned their wealth through expanding over Seas trade from the manufacture of goods.
(iv). There were either exported or brought by richer members of society.
(v). All of these were educated and believed that no group in society should be privileged by birth.
(vii). These Ideas are based on Freedom and equal laws.
Q4). Describe The circumstances that lead to the tennis court oath?
Ans- (i). Louis XVI Called together an assembly of the estate general to pass a proposal for new taxes.
(ii). Voting in the estate general in the past had been conducted according to the principal of each state had one vote.
(iii). But members of the third state that voting now is conducted by the Assembly as a whole.
(iv). Each member should have one vote.
(v). When the king rejected this proposal members of the third estate walked out of the assembly in protest.
(vi). They Declare themself on national assembly deposit Till they had drafted a constitution for France.
(vii). It would limit the power of the Monarch.
(viii). He brought out a journal and delivered powerful speeches to the crowd assembled at Versailles.
Q5). Describe the event that led to the grant of recognition to the national assembly?
Ans- (i) . The national assembly was busy at Versailles drafting a constitution.
(ii) . The rest of France seethed with turmoil.
(iii) . A severe winter meant a bad harvest.
(iv) . The price of bread rose Bakers exploited the situation and hoarded supplies.
(v) . After spending hours in long queues at the bakery. Crowds of angry women stormed into the shops.
(vi) . The agitated crowd stormed and destroyed the Bastille.
(vii) . They looted grain and burnt down documents containing records of Monerical dues.
(viii) . A large number of Nobel Fled from their homes.
(ix) . Many of them migrate to neighbouring countries.
(x) . Louis XVI finally accorded recognition to the national assembly and accepted the principle.
Q6). Write a note on the new constitution of France after the monarch?
Ans- (i) . the national assembly completed the draft of the constitution in 1791.
(ii) . Its main object was to limit the powers of monarchs.
(iii) . These powers of the Legislature, executive and Judiciary This made France a constitutional monarchy.
Q7). Define the political system in France before the year 1791?
Ans- (i) . the political system was indirectly elected.
(ii) . Citizens voted for a group of electors.
(iii) . Not all citizens had the right to vote.
(iv) . Only men above 25 years of age who paid taxes were given the status of active citizens.
(v) . the remaining men and all women were classed as passive citizens.
Q8). What was the significance of political symbols?
Ans- ● the broken chain significance freedom.
● The eye within a triangle radiating light shows knowledge.
● Sceptre symbol of royal power.
● Snake biting eternity.
● Red Phrygian cap worm by a slove upon becoming free.
● Blue, white and red are the national colours of France.
● Winged woman personification of the laws.
● Law tablet all and all are equal before it.
Q9). What were revolutionary wars and their effects?
Ans-(i). Although Louis XVI had signed the constitution.
(ii) . He entered into secret negotiations with the king of Persia.
(iii) . They plan to send troops to put down the events.
(vi) . Before this could happen, the national assembly declare war against Persia and Austria.
(i) . Losses And economical difficulties to the people.
(ii) . The men were away fighting at the front.
(iii) . Women were left to cope with the task of earning.
(iv) . A living and looking after their families.
Q10). What Led to the formation of a Jacobin club? who was its member? what were your achievements?
Ans- (i) . The member of the Jacobin club belongs mainly to the less prosperous section of society.
(ii) . They included small shopkeepers’ partitions such as shoemakers, pastry Cooks watch-maker printers as well as a servant and daily wage workers.
(iii) . Many were not satisfied with them.
(iv) . This led to the formation of the Jacobin club.
(v) . Elections were held for men 21 years and above to have got the right to vote.