The Story of the village Palampur Questions and Answers Class 9

NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Economics Chapter: 1 – The Story of the village Palampur Questions and Answers

Q1. Every village in India is surveyed once in ten years during the Census and some of the details are presented in the following format. Fill up the following based on information on Palampur.

a. LOCATION:

b. TOTAL AREA OF THE VILLAGE:

c. LAND USE(in hectares):

Cultivated LandLAND not available for cultivation (Area covering dwellings, roads, ponds, grazing ground)
Irrigated/Unirrigated
26 hectares

d. FACILITIES:

Educational
Medical
Market
Electricity supply
Communication
Nearest Town

Ans: a. Location–  It is located 3kms away from Raiganj. It was well connected with neighbouring villages and towns. Raiganj and further the nearest small town of shahpur.

b. The total area of the village:-  Total area of the village of Palampur is 226 hectares.

c.

Cultivated LandLAND not available for cultivation (Area covering dwellings, roads, ponds, grazing ground)
Irrigated/Unirrigated
Irrigated-200 hectares26 hectares

d.

EducationalIt has a very good education as compared to other villages. They have two primary schools and one high school.
MedicalHere in this village, there was a primary health centre run by the government and one private dispensary where sick persons were treated.
MarketThere are 2 markets near Palampur Raiganj within 3kms and Shahpur, some general Stores and small shops in the village.
Electricity supplyThere was a very good supply of electricity. Most of the houses have electricity connections. It was very helpful for farmers because of the good supply of electricity they were able to power up all the tubewells in the fields and was also used in small businesses.
CommunicationIt has a good communication system. There are many kinds of transport on the road from Bullock carts, tangos, etc. to motorcycles, jeeps, tractors, and trucks.
Nearest TownThis village was well-connected with neighbouring villages and towns. The nearest Town was shahpur.

Q2. Modern farming methods require more inputs, which are manufactured in industry. Do you agree?

Ans: To obtain a higher yield, modern farming methods require more inputs such as chemical fertilizers, pesticides, HYV seed, water supply, pesticides, Canals, etc.

Q3. How did the spread of electricity help farmers in Palampur?

Ans: The spread of electricity in Palampur village helped the farmers to improve their irrigation system instead of Persian wheel tube wells. Now time-efficient tools can be used by the farmers for threshing and drilling crops.

Q4.Is it important to increase the area under irrigation?

Ans: Only about 40% of the cultivated land area in the country has irrigation facilities. The rest of the land of the cultivated area is still dependent on rainfall for irrigation. Increasing the area under irrigation will benefit the farmers to use multiple crops so that they can increase their yield and produce better quality crops.

Q.5 Construct a table on the distribution of land among the 450 families in Palampur.

Ans: The table on the distribution of land among the 450 families in Palampur is as follows:-

Land(in hectares)No. Of families
0150
Less than 2240
More than 260
Total450

Q6.Why are the wages for farm laborers in Palampur less than minimum wages?

Ans: There are several reasons why the wages for farm labourers in Palampur are less than the minimum wages set by the government-

1) Most of the farm labourers in Palampur are unskilled and unaware.

2) There is a great competition for work in Palampur village due to which farm labourers get ready to work for lower wages

3) Most small farmers have to borrow money from large farmers or the village moneylenders of interest on such loans are very high, causing great distress to repay the loan. Hence they pay very low wages to the farm labourers.

Q.7 In your region talk to two labourers. Choose either farm labourers or labourers working at construction sites. What wages do they get? Are they paid in cash or kind? Do they get work regularly? Are they in debt?

Ans: Do it yourself

For Example- 1. If we choose labourers working at construction sites. They have to work very hard the whole day. They are paid in cash, their wages are between 200-500. No, they don’t get work regularly. Yes, some of the workers are in debt, some have taken loans from banks and some have taken money from some people. So they work hard to pay their debt.

 Example:- 2. If we choose farm labourers.  They have to work in agricultural fields under the owner. Not all the farm labourers are paid in cash, many of them are paid in kind like- they are given food, clothes etc. Some of them are paid in cash and their wages are between 100- 250. No, they don’t get work regularly. Yes, they are in debt. Many of them have taken money from banks on interest and many of them have taken money from money lenders, rich people or the owner of the field in which they are working.

Q8. What are the different ways of increasing production on the same piece of land? Use examples to Explain.

Ans: Multiple cropping and the use of modern farming methods are the two common ways of increasing production.

In multiple cropping, more than one crop is grown on a piece of land. It is the most common way of increasing production. All the farmers in Palampur grow at least two main crops; some farmers grow potatoes as the third crop.

The use of Modern Farming Methods helps to increase the yield. For example HYV seeds, chemical fertilizers, and pesticides in farming.

Q.9 Describe the work of a farmer with 1 hectare of land.

Ans: A farmer with 1-hectare land is called a small farmer. As the land is small, the outcome for cultivation is not high. So to cultivate the land they need money. So, They borrow money from money lenders or large farmers, and the rate of interest on these is very high. They are in great distress to repay the loans. They also sometimes have to work as a farm labourer for the moneylender. After the land is cultivated the product received from the field is divided. Some are kept for their own use and the leftover is sold in the market, the money earned from selling the product they have to give to money lenders to pay the loan, the leftover amount is saved or used for their own.

As the small farmer, he carries out the following things for cultivation:-

  1. Sprinkling the seeds with hands to sow them in the field
  2. Ploughing with Bullock carts
  3. Getting water from the wells
  4. Spraying of chemical fertilizers by a manual pump.
  5. Cutting the crops with hand tools.

These are some activities done by the small farmers. 

Q10. How do medium and large farmers obtain capital for farming? How is it different from the small farmers?

Ans: The medium and large farmers obtain capital from the surplus they sell in the market or from their savings. But the small and poor farmers do not have surplus production or earlier savings so they have to take loans from village moneylenders.

Q11. On what terms did Savita get a loan from Tajpal Singh? Would Savita’s condition be different if she could get a loan from the bank at a low rate of interest?

Ans. Savita was a small farmer who planned to cultivate wheat on her land. Savita needed cash to buy water and repair her farm instruments. Being a small and poor farmer she decided to borrow money from Tejpal Singh, a large farmer. Tejpal Singh set an interest rate of 24 percent for four months in addition she would have to work in his field for low wages during the harvest season at Rs 35 per day. Savita agreed, as getting a loan is difficult for a small farmer. Yes, Savita’s condition would have been different if she could get a loan from the bank at a low rate of interest.

Q.12  Talk to some old residents in your region and write a short report on the changes in irrigation and changes in production methods during the last 30 years. ( Optional)

Ans: Do it yourself

For Example:-  Talking to some old residents in my region I got to know some changes in production methods during the last 30 years. Instead of using the traditional methods for irrigation because of the developed technology, people started to use the modern-day tractors to make the manual work easier. Farmers were dependent on the rainfall but now because of the good system there are wells, many farmers installed their private tubewells, so their work can go smoothly. Farmers used to use Bullock for irrigation now they use tractors. It is time-saving and better. Farmers now use HYV seeds, chemical fertilizers, pesticides, threshers for harvesting, etc.

Q.13 What are the non-farm production activities taking place in your region? Make a shortlist.

Ans: The non-farm activities taking place in our region is as follows:-

  1. Diary
  2. Poultry farms
  3. Auto Rickshaw and taxi driver
  4. Small chemist shops
  5. Shop for the dry cleaning

Etc. Are the non-farm production activities taking place in our region?

Q14. What can be done so that more non-farm production activities can be started in villages?

Ans. The villagers should be made aware of non-farm production activities. Training to the villagers in different small crafts and low interest on loans for small farmers should be provided by the government so that they can start up their work.

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