NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Social Science Geography Chapter 5 Natural Vegetation and Wildlife Questions and Answers
Q1. Choose the right answer from the four alternatives given below:
(i) To which one of the following types of vegetation does rubber belong to?
(d) Tropical Evergreen
Ans : Tropical Evergreen
(ii) Cinchona trees are found in the areas of rainfall more than
(a) 100 cm
(b) 50 cm
(c) 70 cm
(d) less than 50 cm
Ans : 100 cm
(iii) In which of the following states is the simlipal bio reserve located?
(d) West Bengal
Ans : Odisha
(iv) Which one of the following bio reserves of India is not included in the world network of bio reserves?
(c) Gulf of Mannar
(d) Nanda Devi
Ans : Manas
Q2. Answer the following questions briefly.
(i) What factors are responsible for the distribution of plants and animals in India?
Ans : There are two factors that are responsible for the distribution of plants and animals in India are:-
(A) Climate conditions:-
• Photoperiod (Sunlight)
(B) Relief features:-
(ii) What is a bio reserve? Give two examples.
Ans: Bio reserve is a protected area for the natural vegetation, wildlife, and especially for the endangered species of plants and animals.
Two examples are:-
(a) Gulf of Mannar
(b) Great Nicobar
(iii) Name two animals having habitats in tropical and montane types of vegetation.
Ans: Two animals having habitat in tropical type of vegetation are:-
(i) Deer and (ii) Elephant
Two animals having habitat in a montane type of vegetation are:-
(i) Wild sheep and (ii) Tibetan antelope
Q3. Distinguish between
(i) Flora and Fauna
|• The term Flora is used to denote plants of a particle region or a period.||• The term fauna is used to denote the species of animals.|
|• Example:- Tropical forests, montane forests, etc.||• Example:- tigers, monkeys, ships, pandas, etc.|
(ii) Tropical Evergreen and Deciduous forests
|Tropical Evergreen forests||Tropical Deciduous forests|
|• Areas having more than 200 cm of rainfall.||• Rainfall between 270 cm and 70 cm(a) Moist Deciduous – 100 to 200 cm rainfall.(b) Dry Deciduous – 70 to 100 cm rainfall.|
|• No definite time for trees to shed their leaves.||• Trees shed their leaves during summer.|
|• Trees found in this forest are- Rosewood, rubber, Cinchona, etc.||• Trees found in this forest are:- Moist deciduous – Teak, Bamboos, shisham, etc. Dry deciduous – Sal, Neem, peepal, etc.|
|• Animals found in this forest are:- elephants, monkeys, bats, sloths, etc.||• Animals found in this forest are:- Lion, Tiger, pig, etc.|
|• Tropical Evergreen forest areas exist in Western Ghat, Eastern coastal areas, and North Eastern states.||• (a) moist deciduous forest exists in the Northern States, West Odisha, Chhattisgarh, and the Eastern slopes of Western Ghats.|
(b) the dry deciduous forest exists in the Rainer parts of the Peninsular plateau and plains of Bihar and Uttar Pradesh.
Q4. Name different types of vegetation found in India and describe the vegetation of high altitudes.
Ans:- Different types of vegetation found in India are:-
(i) Tropical Evergreen Forests
(ii) Tropical Deciduous Forests
(iii) Tropical Thorn Forests and Scrubs
(iv) Montane Forests
(v) Mangrove Forests
the vegetation of high altitudes are:-
(i) Alpine vegetation is one of the most common vegetation of Montane Forests, found at high altitudes above 3600 m.
(ii) Silver fir, birches, pines, and junipers are the common trees of these forests.
Q5. Quite a few species of plants and animals are endangered in India. Why?
Ans: Quite a few species of plants and animals are endangered and some have become extinct. The main causes for this major threat are:-
(i) nature is hunted by greedy hunters for commercial purposes.
(ii) pollution due to chemical and industrial waste.
(iii) due to acid deposits.
(iv) Introduction of alien species.
(v) reckless cutting of the forests to bring land under cultivation and habitation.
Q6. Why does India have a rich heritage of flora and fauna?
Ans: India has a rich heritage of flora and fauna because of
(i) the variation of a climatic condition in India
(ii) fertility or availability of different soil in India and
(iii) diverse relief features of India.
Natural Vegetation and Wildlife Extra Q&A
(i) Define an ecosystem.
Ans: An area is formed by the interaction of all living organisms (plant life and animal life both) and plants and animals in an area are interdependent and interrelated in their physical environment, thus, forming an ecosystem.
Frequently Asked Questions on NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Geography Chapter 5 Natural Vegetation and Wildlife
Q1. Which chapter of NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Geography Social Science covers the topic of “Natural Vegetation and Wildlife”?
a) Chapter 1: India – Size and Location
b) Chapter 2: Physical Features of India
c) Chapter 3: Drainage
d) Chapter 5: Natural Vegetation and Wildlife
Answer: d) Chapter 5: Natural Vegetation and Wildlife
Q2. What are the types of questions that students can answer by referring to the NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Geography Chapter 5?
Answer: Students can use the NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Geography Chapter 5: Natural Vegetation and Wildlife to answer descriptive, multiple-choice, map-based, analytical, and short answer questions related to topics such as the classification of vegetation, wildlife distribution, conservation efforts, and more.
Q3. Is NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Geography Chapter 5 Natural Vegetation and Wildlife helpful to the students?
Answer: Yes, the NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Geography Chapter 5: Natural Vegetation and Wildlife are helpful to students. These solutions provide comprehensive explanations, examples, and answers to the questions and concepts covered in the chapter. They serve as a valuable resource for students to understand and clarify their doubts regarding the topics related to natural vegetation and wildlife. By referring to these solutions, students can enhance their understanding, improve their knowledge, and effectively prepare for exams and assessments.