NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Social Science Geography Chapter 6 Population Questions and Answers

NCERT Solutions for class 9 Social Science Geography Chapter 6 Population Questions and Answers

Q1). Why Is the rate of population growth in India declining since 1981?

Ans- (i) . Since 1981 the rate of growth started declining gradually.

(ii) . During this period birthrate declined rapidly.

(iii) . 182 million people were added to the total population in 1990 alone.

(iv) . The declining trend of growth rate is indeed a positive indicator of the effort of bird rate control.

Q2). Discuss the major component of population growth?

Ans- (i) . There are three main processes of change population birth rates death rates and migration.

(ii) . The natural increase in population is the difference between birth rate and death rates.

(Birth rate)

(i) . Birthdate is the no. of live births per thousand people in a year.

(ii) . It is the major component of growth because in India birth rates have always been higher than the death rate.(Death rate)

(Death rate)

(i) . The death rate is the number of deaths per thousand people in a year.

(ii) . The main cause of the rate of growth of the Indian population has been Rapid decline in death rates.(Migration)


(i) . The third component of population growth is migration.

(ii) . Migration is a movement of people across regions and territories.

(iii) . Internal migration does not change the size of the population.

(iv) . Migration plays a very significant role in changing the composition of distribution of the population.

Q3). Define age structure death rate and birth rate?

Ans- (Age structure) -:

The population of a nation is generally grouped into three categories.

a). Children (generally below 15) are economically and unproductive and need to provide with food clothing education and medical care.

b). Working age (15 to 59 years)

(1). They are economic and reproductive and biological reproductive.

(2). They compromise the working population.

c). Aged (above 59 years)

They are economically productive throw they may have retired.

(Death rate) -:

The number of death per thousand people in a year.

(Birth rate) -:

The number of live birth for every thousand people in a year.

Q4). Distinguish between population growth and population change?

Ans- (Population growth) -:

  • Growth of population refers to the change in the number of inhabitants of the country during a specific period of time.
  • Such change can be expressed in two ways in terms of absolute number and in terms of percentage change per year.
  • It is referred to as the absolute increase.
  • The rate for the face of population increase is the other important aspect.
  • The growth rate increase in population is compared with the base population.
  • It is preferred a small growth of rate.

(Population change) -:

  • internal migration does not change the size of the population.
  • Migration plays a very significant role in changing the composition and distribution of a population.

Q5). What is the relation between occupational structure and development?

Ans- (Occupational structure) :

  • The percentage of the population that is economically active is an important index development.
  • The distribution of the population according to the different types of occupation is referred to as the occupational structure.

(Occupational development) :

  • The preparation of people working in different activities varies is in developing countries.
  • The developed nation has a high proportion of people in secondary and territory activities.
  • Developing countries engaged in primary activities
  • In India, about 64% of the population is engaged only in agriculture.
  • The preparation of the population dependent on secondary and territory sectors is about 13 and 20% respectively.

Q6). What are the advantages of having a healthy population?

Ans- 1). Health is an important component of population composition.

2). It affects the process of development.

3). A good healthy population can work efficiently.

4). Good health leads to growth and improved competitiveness.

5). It helps in economic and social development.

6). They can contribute towards the fast economic growth of the country.

Q7). What is the significant feature of the National Population Policy 2000?

Ans- • The NPP 2000 provides a policy Framework for important free and compulsory school education up to 14 years of age.

• Reducing the infant mortality rate.

• Universal immunization of children against all vaccine-preventable diseases.

• promoting delayed marriage for girls.

• Making Family Welfare a people-centred programme.

• The policy put greater emphasis on other important needs of adolescents.

• Providing food supplements and nutritional services.

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