• What are Modals?
Modular helpers are action words, for example, can, must, could, would, and so on which are utilized with fundamental action words to communicate such thoughts as probability, consent, need, commitment, and so on.
Modals (likewise called modular action words, modular assistant action words, and modular helpers) are unique action words which act sporadically in English. They are not quite the same as expected action words like “work, play, visit… ” They give extra data about the capacity of the fundamental action word that follows it. They have an incredible assortment of open capacities.
• Where is it used?
Modals are action words used to communicate the mindset or demeanour of the speaker. They are utilized before normal action words and express implications like consent, probability, conviction and need. Modals have not ‘- s/es’ as an outsider looking in particular. They have no infinitive and – ing structure.
• Some Modals are:-
Will, Shall, Can, Could, May, Might, Must, Should, Would, Need, Ought to
USES AND EXAMPLE
• Uses of will
(i) It uses for Predictions
– There will be strong rain tomorrow in the north of Delhi.
– In hundred years, people will drive an electric car.
– I think the city will be more crowded in ten years.
– People will live on another planet in 2070.
(ii) It uses for request
– Will you close the door, please?
– Will you help me cook dinner, please?
– Will he do his homework before we go out, please?
(ii) It is used for willingness
– Tom’s a really kind person; he will always help you if you need something.
– I will lend you my pen
– I will give you a gift.
• use of shall
(i) It is used for suggestion
– Shall we have a tea break?
– Shall I get chicken for dinner tonight?
– Shall we go on vacation next week?
(ii) It is used to promise
– You shall leave the office before an hour.
– He shall be given all the articles today.
(iii) It is used for Offer
– Shall I carry your bag?
– Shall I get you another one?
– Shall I open the door for you
• Uses of Can
(i) It is used to express ability or capacity
– I can speak English.
– I can read this book in an hour.
– He can climb a tree.
(ii) It is used to express permission
– Can I ask you a question?
– Can I take your pen?
– Can I borrow your black shoes?
(iii) It is used to express the possibility
– Smoking can cause cancer.
– Beating him in exams can be difficult.
– Eating this food can affect your health.
(iv) It is used to express a request
– Can I have water?
– Can you take my brother to the dentist?
– Can you help me bring this book?
• Uses of Could
(i) It is used for polite request
– Could you please bring me more coffee?
– Could you lend me your car for the day?
– Could I borrow your laptop, please?
(ii) It is used for polite permission
– Could I please use your bathroom?
– Could I go home now?
– Could I open the window?
(iii) It is used for suggestion
– We could eat Chinese or Italian food.
– We could take a taxi.
– We could go to the movie if you are interested.
(iv) It is used for ( past ) possibility
– A lot of crime could be prevented.
– I could pass the exam if I had a person to guide me.
– He could be the one who stole the money.
• Use of may
(i) It is for permission
– May I come in?
– May I borrow your book, please?
– May I have some water, please?
(ii) It is used for the possibility
– It may rain later so take an umbrella.
– I may watch a movie tonight.
– There may be other reasons that we don’t know.
(iii) It is used for wish
– May you both live a long and happy life.
– Maybe the new year brings you happiness.
– May you have a long and happy marriage.
• Use of Might
(i) It is used for the possibility
– He might come and visit next year.
– I might go to the party tonight.
– She might be at home.
(ii) It is used for permission
– Might I use your phone.
– Might I make a modest suggestion?
– Might I borrow your car?
(iii) It is used for Indirect speech
– Ram said that it might be true.
– Rohini said that Ram might go to Mumbai.
– She said that he might be in their home.
(iv) It is used to show dissatisfaction
– You might take care of yourself.
– You might come a little earlier to school.
– You might earn more money.
• Use of Must
(i) It is used for obligation
– You must wear a seatbelt when you drive.
– You must eat all of your vegetables.
– You must finish your homework.
(ii) It is used for prohibition
– You must not smoke in the building.
– You must not wear jeans to work.
– You must not walk on the road.
(iii) It is used for necessity
– You must finish the exam in two hours.
– You must pay with a credit card.
– You must study the last two chapters before the test.
(iv) It uses strong recommendation
– You must apply for this job.
– You must study hard for your exams.
– You must write these notes for study.
– You mustn’t use your phone while driving.
• Use of Should
(i) It is used to express an opinion
– People should eat enough fruits in order to be healthy.
– You should apply for that job.
– She looks sick. She should go home.
(ii) It is used for giving advice
– I think you should buy the red car.
– You should exercise more often.
– You should eat a lot of vegetables.
(iii) It is used for expectations or probability
– It’s almost time for class. Our teacher should arrive soon.
– A ticket to New Delhi should cost a lot.
– This drive should take 40 minutes.
• Use of Would
(i) It is used for requests.
– Would you help me serve refreshments to the guests, please?
– Would you pass the book, please?
– I would like more tea, please?
(ii) It is used for (polite) Offer
– Would you care to join us?
– Would you like something to drink?
– Would you like to drive this car?
(iii) It is used for ( second and third ) Conditional
– If I had money, I would buy a house.
– If I had a car, I would drive to work.
– If you had given me good direction, I would achieve my goals.
• Use of Need
(i) It is used for necessity
– I need your notes.
– I need your assignment.
– You need to do exercise, they are obligatory.
– You need to increase your diet for your health.
– You need to work hard for your dream.
– You need to wake up early.
• Use of Ought to
(i) It is used for probability
– This pipe ought to be of some use.
– The stock ought to increase in value.
– Our team ought to win this match for today.
– She ought to receive the package tonight.
(ii) It is used for Advice
– You ought to revise your Book
– Ram ought to exercise more.
– You ought to offer a seat to the elders.
(iii) It is used to express obligation
– She ought to go to the mall.
– I ought to work in a hospital.
– My family and I ought to visit my grandmother every weekend.