Farmer and tenant / class 9 history chapter 6 notes

Notes of history class 9 chapter 6

  • The 1850s Captain Swing Riots lasted for two consecutive years in England.
  • In these riots, poor laborers broke the machines of the rich tenants.
  • Captain Swing- was a mythical name.
  • Commons- The land on which all the villagers had the right.

List

  • By the end of the 18th century, large landowners started the captivity of the Sangsad land (Commons) from the orders of the Government of England.
  • Importance of Commons in the lives of poor farmers: –

1. Commons’s land was shared. Any farmer could farm it there.

2. People used to feed their cattle on it.

3. Used to collect firewood sticks

4. To eat food, Kandamul used to collect fruits.

  • Bada captive –Fencing around the fields.
  • In the 16th century, the purpose of barricade was to keep sheep.
  • In the last years of the 18th century, its purpose increased grain production.
  • Farmers increased their production due to high prices of food grains during the Napoleonic Wars.
  • The demand for foodgrains in England increased in the 18th century: –

1. The population of England grew rapidly in 1750 s between 1700 and 1900. Therefore, the increase in the demand for grain for the growing population was natural.

2. France begins war with Britain This war blocked trade and trade of grains from Europe.

3. Growth of grain production from advanced agricultural technology.

  • In the beginning of the eighteenth century and early 19th century, there was a change in the rural areas of England:

1. In the early decades of the 18th century and early 19th century, the barrage movement started.

2. More people started working in urban areas.

3. The use of threshing machine made the worker working on the floor unemployed.

  • Importance of Commons in the lives of poor farmers: –

1. Commons’s land was shared. Any farmer could farm it there.

2. People used to feed their cattle on it.

3. Used to collect firewood sticks

4. To eat food, Kandamul used to collect fruits.

  • Bada captive – Fencing around the fields.
  • In the 16th century, the purpose of barricade was to keep sheep.
  • In the last years of the 18th century, its purpose increased grain production.

List

  • Farmers increased their production due to high prices of food grains during the Napoleonic Wars.
  • The demand for foodgrains in England increased in the 18th century: –
  1. The population of England grew rapidly in 1750 s between 1700 and 1900. Therefore, the increase in the demand for grain for the growing population was natural.

2. France begins war with Britain This war blocked trade and trade of grains from Europe.

3. Growth of grain production from advanced agricultural technology.

  • In the beginning of the eighteenth century and early 19th century, there was a change in the rural areas of England:

1. In the early decades of the 18th century and early 19th century, the barrage movement started.

2. More people started working in urban areas.

3. The use of threshing machine made the worker working on the floor unemployed.

  • Threshing machines were used to meet the shortage of workers.
  • Bread basket –America came out as a basket of bread in front of the world.
  • After 1800, the government started to form a formal policy and began to disperse American Indians across the Mississippi River.
  • Migrant settlers settled in the Apletish plateau instead of native residents.

  • Between 1820 and 1850, the fields and houses were cut off from the forests.
  • Europe was dependent on the United States because of the ban on Russian wheat.
  • America’s President Wilson said “wheat is enough to grow wheat, we will win war”.
  • Introducing new tools and new techniques for farming.
  • Many problems arise from farming in wide fields.
  • In the 1930s, there was a sandy storm in the South Plains.
  • The association of opium cultivation in India is related to the mutual trade of Britain and China.
  • England used to trade tea from China, but England did not have anything that they could easily sell in the Chinese market.
  • Instead of tea, the merchants of England had to pay silver coins. The treasure was empty.
  • Opium was a good option for being sold in China, which was used as a medicine.
  • Encouraged by the advancement of the farmers by giving advance money to the poor farmers by the British.
  • Farmers suffered a lot from opium cultivation.
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